Have you ever wondered what gelatin is made of? It is very common to ask this question every time we consider eating a dessert or other foods that contain this food, since it is really used a lot in the kitchen. In addition to culinary use, this food is also used to coat the capsules of some medicines and supplements and we can also find it in some everyday objects such as photographic paper.
This food can be taken in many different ways, for example, as part of other foods either individually prepared or in powders to prepare comfortably at home. It is an ingredient that provides important nutrients and very few calories, so it is advisable to include it in our diet. If you want to know exactly what gelatin is made of?
What does gelatin contain?
This food is composed mainly of between 78% and 90% of collagen protein and also contains between 1% and 2.5% of mineral salts and the rest of its composition is only water. So, basically, gelatin is made with these few ingredients. In addition, it is also common to include flavors, sweeteners or sugars and, of course, food colors or natural fruit juices, which give the color as varied as it can have.
What is collagen?
Now that you know what gelatin is made of and that it is mainly collagen, you should also know what this nutrient is. It is an animal protein found in the connective tissue of many animals, including humans. This protein is present in bones, cartilage, tendons and skin and is responsible for the elasticity and resistance of these parts of the body.
As we get older, we lose the ability to produce collagen, which leads to wrinkles and joint problems. For this reason, the benefits of collagen taken as a supplement or food are really important in our health, especially as we get older. Thus, in addition to consuming medicines and supplements that contain this ingredient and are prescribed by a doctor, we can eat food to produce collagen, increasing our production naturally.
How collagen is extracted
As we have already pointed out, collagen is extracted from the skin, bones, hooves, cartilages and tendons of various animals, mainly pigs, cattle, poultry and horses. To separate it from the rest of the components, the material of animal origin from which it is extracted is simply crushed and an acid is used so that the hydrolysis process occurs and the desired molecules are separated, thus releasing the collagen proteins. Next, it is boiled so that this protein is broken carefully so that the chemical composition changes more and finally begins to form the gelatin that we know.
Uses of gelatin in food and cosmetics
This food is mainly characterized by its versatility to make desserts, but in the kitchen it is also used in some main dishes due to its ability to thicken the food, as a stabilizer and emulsifier. In addition, it is also found in many beauty products to take care of our skin and our hair. Thus, after having known what is composed of gelatin, it is necessary to comment that, currently, the main uses of gelatin for food and for cosmetics are many:
- Baubles and jelly beans like rubber bears
- Cheese creams
- Milk cream
- Soups, sauces, etc. already prepared
- Ham and canned chicken
- Fondant for cakes and pies
- Coating of tablets and capsules
- Various cosmetic products for hair and skin
Other uses of this food
In addition to the uses discussed above, gelatin has many more applications in our lives. Thus, other common uses of this food, and some surprising, are the following:
- As an adhesive.
- Coating of some materials such as paintball balls.
- To make some special papers like photo paper.
- To make the tapes of the photographic films.
- To collect and fix the hair of synchronized swimming swimmers to not dissolve with cold water.
- To coat medicine capsules, food supplements, dietary supplements and essential oils.
- They are also used in studies of microorganisms in laboratories.
It has been useful for you to know what gelatin is made of, you may want to try to make a rich and healthy dessert that everyone likes, discover in this other article how to prepare a fruit jelly.
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Article Source: Tape Daily